Times were very desperate. Nationally, youth unemployment in 1932 was 25% and another 29% were working only part-time. So the remedies for the hopeless youths had to be bold. A new agency, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), was to be “a catalyst. Through it, a new and vital president, Franklin D. Roosevelt, brought together two wasted resources, the young men and the land, in an attempt to save both” wrote CCC historian John A. Salmond. Nationwide, over a nearly ten year period, over three million young men renewed forests, fought soil erosion and the Dust Bowl as well as built infrastructure in the nation’s state and national parks. Over 30,000 Colorado men gained employment and new job skills. And work was completed in nearly every county in the state. CCC work was made to last. Today we still use many of the roads and trails they built. Nearly fifty years of conservation and recreation work were accomplished in Colorado making that period the most productive in the state’s environmental history. Indeed, the accomplishments on public lands by the C.C.C. and other New Deal agencies, has never been duplicated.